Nanotechnology is a convergence technology, a new and highly interdisciplinary field of STEM, embracing concepts from: Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics, Material Science, Engineering, and Computer Science.

Common Definitions

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the science and engineering of small nanoscale material. Nanotechnology is a convergence technology, a new and highly interdisciplinary field of STEM, embracing concepts from: Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics, Material Science, Engineering, and Computer Science.

Nano

1 billonth of

Micro

1 millonth of

Convergence Science

According to NSF: Convergence research is a means of solving vexing research problems, in particular, complex problems focusing on societal needs. It entails integrating knowledge, methods, and expertise from different disciplines and forming novel frameworks to catalyze scientific discovery and innovation.

In other words, Convergence science, converge (or integrate) knowledge from multiple scientific and engineering disciplines in order to solve real-word problems.

“ Convergence is the deep integration of knowledge techniques, and expertise from multiple field to form new and expanded frameworks for addressing scientific and societal challenges and opportunities.”

Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at a dimension of approximately 1-100 nm, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Microtechnology deals with matter at a dimension of above 100 nm to several micrometers.

When combined, nano and micro technologies together lead to a strong driving force of the world’s economy, and has exerted significant societal impact over a broad range of applications. A trillion micro-nano devices, including virtual reality, healthcare and voice processing, together with many important manufacturing applications and materials are influenced by micro nano technology. The growth of these emerging technologies requires an increase in the workforce trained in micro-nanotechnologies.

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For a complete list of common terms in Nanotechnoloy, visit the Nano.gov Glossary.